Nepal to have 4 metropolitan, 12 sub-metropolitan cities

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With the Local Level Restructuring Commission (LLRC) deciding to make 716 local units, the country will now have 4 metropolitan and 12 sub-metropolitan cities.

The existing single metropolitan city, Kathmandu, will remain as metropolitan whereas Lalitpur, Pokhara and Bharatpur will be declared as new metropolitan cities. These three are currently sub-metropolitan cities.    

Some Village Development Committees surrounding Lalitpur sub-metropolitan will be merged with it to turn it into metropolitan city. Similarly, Lekhnath municipality and some VDCs will be combined to form Pokhara-Lekhnath metropolitan city.

Likewise, some VDCs will be joined in Bharatpur sub-metropolitan city to declare it a metropolitan city.

The commission had also received a proposal to declare Biratnagar sub-metropolitan city as metropolitan city by merging three VDCs surrounding it.  But due to lack of political consensus and failure to meet the required criteria as prescribed by the commission, it could not be declared as metropolitan city.

During the discussion on restructuring the local level, interests were also shown to declare Birgunj sub-metropolitan city as a metropolitan city. But the proposal submitted to the commission did not include interest.

Biratnagar and Birgunj will be now sub-metropolitan cities.

As per the new set up, there will be 12 sub-metropolitan cities including Biratnagar and Birgunj.

Two each sub-metropolitan cities will be formed in Dang and Sunsari districts. Dang’s Ghorahi and Tulsipur, and Dharan and Itahari of Sunsari are confirmed to be declared as sub-metropolitans.

Similarly, Dhangadhi of Kailali, Nepalgunj of Banke, Butwal of Rupandehi, Hetauda of Makawanpur, Janakpur of Dhanusha will be turned into sub-metropolitan cities.

A sub-metropolitan city will be declared by making Gadhimai municipality as the center in Bara district.


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